The Trade Conflict: FTX Faces Liquidity Disaster

The Trade Conflict: FTX Faces Liquidity Disaster


The exchange war has begun. The Binance CEO publicly dukes it out with the FTX co-founder as rumors of FTX and Alameda Research financial distress fly.

The exchange war has begun. The Binance CEO publicly dukes it out with the FTX co-founder as rumors of FTX and Alameda Research financial distress fly.

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In “The Bigger They Are,” we briefly discussed the details around Alameda Research’s balance sheet and highlighted some questions around the amount of FTT tokens they own in their asset holdings.

In short, it was revealed by CoinDesk that Alameda Research, a proprietary trading firm co-founded by FTX co-founder Sam Bankman-Fried, has a large amount of its net equity tied up in FTX’s native exchange token. 

Per CoinDesk, Alameda research has $14.6 billion of assets, against $8b of liabilities.
For assets: $3.66b FTT, $2.16b “FTT collateral”, $3.37b crypto ($292m SOL, $863m “locked SOL”), $134m USD & $2b “equity securities.
Most net equity tied in completely illiquid altcoins.

We don’t have insight into what the liabilities are denominated in. If it’s primarily USD, Alameda is in DEEP trouble. The asset side of their BS is entirely illiquid.
If it’s loans denominated in ‘crypto’, it’s better, but still not great.

It didn’t take long before it became a much bigger deal in the rest of the market with CZ, the CEO of Binance, telling the public yesterday that Binance intended to liquidate all of their FTT holdings from their books (approximately $580m worth at the time of writing). 

As part of Binance’s exit from FTX equity last year, Binance received roughly $2.1 billion USD equivalent in cash (BUSD and FTT). Due to recent revelations that have came to light, we have decided to liquidate any remaining FTT on our books. 1/4

The CEO of Alameda Research, Caroline Ellison, responded with the following:

@cz_binance if you’re looking to minimize the market impact on your FTT sales, Alameda will happily buy it all from you today at $22!

Those comments, along with responses from the heads of FTX and Alameda Research, have generated two reactions from the market:

  1. A bank run on assets sitting on the FTX platform.
  2. An explosion in open interest from speculators around the value of the FTT token.

Whether strategic or not, FTX is one of Binance’s largest competitors. In just one day, those comments and Binance’s sale of FTT holdings started a chain of second- and third-order effects. Most importantly is a wave of panic taking shape that questions the solvency of both FTX and Alameda Research. As a result, we’ve seen nearly $1 billion in assets and token values fly out of known FTX and Alameda addresses over the last week. That data was compiled by Larray Cermak, VP of research at The Block.

Sam Bankman-Fried responded early this morning to try and calm markets and FTX customers. He highlighted the platform’s ability to cover all client holdings, as well as its excess cash position. Bankman-Fried also responded to the reduced pace of customer withdrawals from FTX.

1) A competitor is trying to go after us with false rumors.
FTX is fine. Assets are fine.

There’s a broader risk to the market here as we see Alameda unwind many other positions across tokens and bitcoin that will be used to raise additional capital. Don’t forget that this duo is one of the most vital institutions in the space, especially when it comes to providing market making and liquidity for the entire market. We’re just in the beginning stages on what may play out here.

The Big Question

Two things that aren’t known and remain the biggest questions are:

  1. What are Alameda’s liabilities, in which currency and lent from whom?
  2. Does FTX have significant counterparty exposure to Alameda, given the companies’ extremely close and often opaque relationship with each other.

The rapid increase in withdrawals by FTX users reflect the uncertainty to the answers of both of these questions.

In regard to the second question, wallet movements from Alameda yesterday night certainly don’t inspire confidence. 

0x4c8C (Alameda)
transfer a large amount of stablecoins to 0xf233 and then transfer a large amount of stablecoins from gate, huobi, okx, kucoin to the addresses and send them to 0x2faf (FTX hot wallet) to deal with withdrawals. Picture by @maid_crypto and @lianyanshe

The Speculative Attack

It’s important to remember that we don’t necessarily know the exact terms of Alameda’s finances. However, we have seen their determination to defend the $22 level as well as its significance as support in the next chart. This provides a strong confluence of variables.

Alameda would likely not have such a vested interest in defending this level if it was not leveraged. Otherwise, they would let the market fall as much as it wants and simply acquire FTT at a lower price.

Whatever firm/s is lending Alameda USD with the collateral being FTT exchange tokens when Alameda owns a supermajority of supply AND makes the market, is asking to get totally REKT.
Who will serve as buy side liquidity in the scenario where the collateral has to be liquidated?

If Alameda has collateralized their FTT position, there are no large buyers to serve as buy side liquidity.

As reported by Dirty Bubble Media, the dynamic between FTX and FTT token looks awfully similar to that of Celsius Network and its token, CEL.

We appear to be watching a classic speculative attack unfold. The best case for Alameda (and the market in general) is that the liabilities have been severely reduced since the end of the second quarter, and they are merely buying their token to prop up the market to inspire confidence.

In our view, this is unlikely. We believe with an increasing level of confidence that there is a much more important battle going on and the FTT exchange rate is a matter of solvency for Alameda. 

Feels like I’m watching an emerging market central bank attempting to defend its currency against speculators right now.

Final Note:

Industry titans have begun to battle. What began as passive-aggressive comments on social media has turned into outright market-based financial warfare. While Alameda attempts to defend the FTX exchange token FTT with its spare capital, CZ looks to be rejoicing in the moment as speculators pile on short, thus increasing the downward exchange rate pressure.

As of now, we are left with more questions than answers as to the state of Alameda’s financial standing.

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